Reading

Direct Vocabulary Instruction 直接詞彙指導

詞彙表是詞彙教學課的起點,這是必要的-但隨後必須進行各種詞彙練習和活動,以增強在不同上下文中的含義。

Reading books -- especially fiction -- increases a person's vocabulary the most.  However, many people find reading difficult because of their limited vocabulary.  This sitution is made worse because they have no strategy to try to pronounce or understand new words.


​閱讀書籍-尤其是小說-可以最大程度地增加一個人的詞彙量。 但是,由於詞彙量有限,許多人發現閱讀困難。 這種情況變得更糟,因為他們沒有策略來嘗試發音或理解新單詞。



This is called "the Roots Approach" to studying vocabulary.


​這被稱為學習詞彙的“the Roots Approach”。

Research has proven that phonics, word decoding, and "The Roots Approach" are the most effective way to teach vocabulary.  Ba Lao Shi Perfect English uses these methods to improve vocabulary.


研究證明,語音學,單詞解碼和“根本方法”是教授詞彙的最有效方法。 《 Ba Lao Shi Perfect English》使用這些方法來提高詞彙量。




"The Roots Approach" to studying vocabulary also shows the English learner how different words with the same roots may have shared meanings.  These words with shared meanings are called "word famililes."

Effective vocabulary instruction is often not given as part of ESL teaching, especially in Asia.  It is often in the form of word lists that are memorized by the students.


​有效的詞彙教學通常不作為ESL教學的一部分,特別是在亞洲。 如果根本沒有詞彙指導,通常是學生記憶的單詞表形式。



Guided Conversation and Writing

A list of words is necessary as a starting point to a vocabulary instruction lesson -- but it must be followed by a variety of vocabulary exercises and activities that reinforce meaning in different contexts.

The BLS Vocabulary Victory method of teaching English vocabulary is based on proven methods that are backed by research. Please see Research : Vocabulary and Reading Comprehension.

Every person has two vocabularies, an "active" vocabulary and a "passive" vocabulary.  A person's active vocabulary consists of the words that he or she is confident to use in speech and writing.  A person's passive vocabulary are the words that he or she may have seen before or even looked up in a dictionary once, but do not fully understand and do not feel confident to use.


​每個人都有兩個詞彙,一個“主動”詞彙和一個“被動”詞彙。 一個人的活動詞彙表包括他或她有信心在演講和寫作中使用的單詞。 一個人的被動詞彙是他或她可能在詞典中曾經看過甚至查過一次的單詞,但是他們沒有完全理解,沒有自信使用。




BLS Vocabulary Victory 法總結如下:

1.直接詞彙指導。
2.都支持和鼓勵閱讀
     學生自己的時間和在課上
     大聲朗讀。
3.指導性對話和寫作,其中新的
     詞彙介紹單詞。

學習詞彙的“ The Roots Approach”還向英語學習者展示了具有相同詞根的不同單詞如何具有共同的含義。 這些具有共同含義的單詞稱為“單詞家族”。

"Word decoding" is the process of trying to understand a new word. It begins with phonics, "sounding out" the word by syllables.  The next step is to look at the word's parts -- the roots of the word -- to gain an understanding of the probable meaning of the word.


​“單詞解碼”是嘗試理解新單詞的過程。 它從拼音開始,通過音節“讀出”單詞。 下一步是查看單詞的各個部分(單詞的詞根),以了解單詞的含義。



BLS Vocabulary Victory 的英語詞彙教學方法是基於經過研究證明的可靠方法。 請參閱  研究:  詞彙和閱讀理解

​​​​​​​Ba Lao Shi Perfect English

巴老師標準英語​ ​​

Hong Kong's Professional English Instruction  ​

 香港專業英語指導

English "chatting" will not improve vocabulary.  In a casual conversation, English language learners will keep using the same words that they are confident to use.


​英語“聊天”不會提高詞彙量。 在隨意的交談中,英語學習者將繼續使用他們有信心使用的相同單詞。



​The BLS Vocabulary Victory method is summarized:


1. Direct vocabulary instruction.

2. Support and encouragement of reading,

    both in  the student's own time and in the  

    lesson with reading aloud.

3. Guided conversation and writing in which

     new words are introduced.

Vocabulary Instruction 詞彙教學